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Population Health

Overview of Population Health

Population health is an approach to health that aims to improve the health of the entire population and reduce health inequities among certain groups. Population health refers to not only the overall health of a population, but also to the distribution of health outcomes within a population, which include the range of personal, social, economic, and environmental factors that influence health outcomes, and the policies and interventions that affect those factors. Population health is an interdisciplinary, customizable approach that allows health departments to connect practice to policy for change to happen locally.

Virginia’s Plan for Well-Being

Virginia’s Plan for Well-Being was released in 2016 with the goal of making Virginia the healthiest state in the nation. The plan highlights specific goals and strategies on which communities can focus so the state can make measurable health improvement by 2020.

Norfolk Community Health Assessment (CHA)

Where and how we live, learn, work, and play affects our health and understanding how these factors influence health is critical for developing the best strategies to address them. A Community Health Assessment (CHA) was completed in 2016 to identify the health-related needs and strengths of Norfolk.

Click here to learn more about the Norfolk MAPP Process.

Norfolk Community Health Improvement Plan (CHIP)

The Norfolk Community Health Improvement Plan (CHIP) is an action-oriented plan created to make the Norfolk community a healthier place to live. In partnership with community partners and Norfolk residents, the Norfolk Department of Public Health led the development of the CHIP in 2017, using the key findings from the CHA, which included qualitative data from focus groups and local, state, and national quantitative data to inform discussions and determine health priority areas.

The CHIP lays the foundation for addressing some of the most challenging public health issues facing the city of Norfolk. Norfolk’s CHIP includes action plans for three health issues and a cross-cutting priority that were identified through the CHA process and later prioritized by the Norfolk Community Advisory Board, community partners, and Norfolk residents.

The three priority issues and a cross-cutting priority included in the CHIP are:

  • Create Safe Communities Free of Community Violence
  • Prevent Chronic Diseases
  • Prevent Sexually Transmitted Infections and Teen Pregnancy
  • Community / Partnership Outreach and Engagement (cross-cutting)

Each issue has goals, objectives, and key actions that will be implemented to promote optimal health and well-being for all who live, work, and play in the Norfolk community. Please see the combined CHIP Action Plans for Norfolk’s prioritized issues.

If you have any questions or other feedback about the Norfolk Community Health Assessment and/or Community Health Improvement Plan, please send your request to .